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How to take care of a car with fap

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The type filters fap are pollution control system which allows the exhaust gases automobile emits less to the environment. What these filters do is retain carbon dioxide so that these polluting particles go outside to a lesser extent. Although cars with fap are programmed to be self-sustaining, you must take special care to avoid breakdowns, which are usually expensive. Read this article if you have questions about whether your car has this system.

Steps to follow:

One.If you use the car exclusively or mostly for urban transfers, go out on the road once a week and travel through a natural environment. Once there, drive at a speed of more than 50 kilometers for half an hour. The objective of this measure is that the fap filter has time to clean itself. Thus, you will avoid having to go to a workshop where you will have to make a good investment in the operation.

Two.If the filter is already very dirty with polluting particles, the measure described in the previous point will probably no longer be effective. In these circumstances, what you should do to take care of the car with fap is to go to a center specialized in regeneration of this type of filters. Do not go to any workshop, as this operation is delicate. Find out well to go to a center where they have the appropriate equipment and professionals to carry out this maintenance task.

3.The fap filters give problems when automobiles are used only for short distances, since the car does not have time to reach a temperature high enough to burn the remains of contaminant particles retaining system. For this reason, it is very important that, although you cannot go out into a natural environment, you drive for at least half an hour so that the car can carry out the process.

4.If the routes are always short, the car will start with the fap filter self-maintenance process at each exit, having to interrupt it when the car is parked. After a series of unsuccessful self-cleaning attempts, you may see an error message on your car’s dashboard. To avoid this, remember that you have to take long trips at least once a week.

5.On the market, there are additives whose function would be to help the fap to eliminate the remains of polluting particles that accumulate in the filter. However, this option is just a supplement that will help the system work optimally but will give little results if you do not circulate with the car for more than half an hour frequently.

6.When caring for a car with fap you also have to take into account the type of oil you use in your vehicle. Thus, cars equipped with this anti-pollution system need a lubricant with special characteristics. Therefore, you should always follow the instructions in this regard that the manufacturer indicates.

7.Some drivers resort to canceling the fap due to the special care it requires. However, before adopting this drastic measure, you should think about all the benefits that this system brings to the environment.

 

How to remove catalytic converter from car

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The catalytic converter is a key element when it comes to preventing your car from emitting many polluting gases into the atmosphere, something that is inevitable but that can be reduced with a good operation of this part. Sometimes, to change it or to check its status, you will need to remove it from its place. To help you with this maintenance operation for your car, here we explain how to remove the catalytic converter from the car.

Steps to follow:

One.Some drivers decide to remove the catalytic converter from the car because they believe that it takes away power from their engine. However, as we already explained, this piece has an important role in caring for the environment. For this reason, we ask that you take other measures to optimize the performance of your engine.

In addition, you could have problems passing the ITV and you could even be fined if your car pollutes more than is allowed by removing the catalyst.

Two.Well, the first thing you have to do is locate where the catalyst is in your car model. The most practical thing is that you consult the manufacturer’s manual to be sure. Do the operation with the engine cold, to avoid burns and reduce the possibility of any part breaking.

3.You will have to raise the car a little, a few blocks will suffice, since the catalyst is not in a central area, but on one side of the lower part of the car. Using a wrench, remove the nuts holding the catalyst. To make it easier, you can use a lubricant product.

4.The catalyst consists of the front part and a clamp, which you must remove in this order. This last part may be more difficult to remove, so you will need to apply some pressure after removing the nuts.

5.Thus, you will have already managed to remove the catalyst from the car. You have to be somewhat handy to do it and, above all, think that it is not comfortable to work stretched out on the floor to be able to access the piece. Of course, you will save the cost of the mechanic, which is not cheap when it comes to catalysts.

How to clean the air valve of a car

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Carbon can build up on the air valve, causing it to bind. When it sticks, you cannot control the stop of the car – it can make the car stop at very high RPM, or in most cases, stop the car at low RPM. Cleaning an air valve may prevent you from having to purchase a new part, but only certain air idle control valves can be cleaned. The running air valve must have an actuation valve to allow cleaning.

You will need to:

  • Carburetor Cleaner
  • Screwdriver
  • 1/4-inch connector set
  • ¼ inch ratchet

Steps to follow:

One.Locate the engine idle air valve – it is near the inlet on the side of the engine.

Two.Remove the catch on the back of the idle control valve with a screwdriver. Do not break the plastic tab that holds the power cord to the probe – that is what keeps the power cord from vibrating the sensor.

3.Remove the screws or bolts holding the control idle air valve in the block.

4.Keep the valve pointing down, and spray the pointed end of the valve with a carburetor cleaner, and wipe it clean. (Do not allow carburetor cleaning to drip into the box.) Repeat until all carbon is removed.

5.Put the air valve back on and connect the power cord.

6.Start the vehicle to make sure it idles properly, and test the car to make sure the engine doesn’t stall when it’s turning a corner or coming to a stop, especially with the air conditioning running. If it does, you will need to replace the idle control air valve.

Tips

  • Do not stop cleaning the carburetor on the electrical connections, try to get as little as possible on the valve body.

 

What if the car loses water?

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What happens if the car loses water can be very serious, in the event of a refrigerant leak, or a completely normal process due to condensation from the air conditioning. In summer, it is not unusual to see a striking pool of water under some parked cars for this last reason. However, do not lower your guard and always be on the lookout for possible fluid leaks from your car, as they can end in a costly breakdown. Here we give you the answer to the question of what happens if the car loses water.

Steps to follow:

One.What can happen if your car loses water, especially in summer and when the heat is hot, is that the air conditioning system is causing condensation. The result is that, when you leave the car parked, a pool of water forms under the car that can give you the impression that you have a breakdown. However, nothing is further from the truth, it is a normal process and you cannot do anything to avoid it. In the event that you notice that the air conditioning system does not cool, you should take the car to the workshop, but if you do not notice any additional symptoms, everything is fine.

Two.In the event that the car loses water from the coolant tank, the issue is already more serious. In this case, the leak may be due to cracks in this tank, which is located in the engine compartment and is usually white.

3.If you do not notice the leak and the car runs out of cooling water, you will be faced with a very serious mechanical problem that is expensive to repair. Depending on how old the car is, it may not even be worth it to fix the damage. The reason is that the lack of water will cause the engine to drift and cause serious damage to key parts such as the connecting rods, pistons and crankshaft.

4.What happens if the car runs out of water and has an electronic system, something very common in new models, is that this system will warn you that the car’s engine is reaching very high temperatures and, depending on how it is programmed, it may cause a forced stop of the car. In this case, you are in luck, as you will avoid major mechanical damage, as we discussed in the previous point.

5.Before the car drifts because it has run out of water, you will notice that a strange noise is coming from the engine. This sound is due to the rubbing of engine parts that have come out of place. So, when driving, keep an eye out for any strange sounds coming from the engine compartment.

 

What if my car runs out of antifreeze?

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The temperature of a car engine is a very important factor for it to function properly and be safe. To control it, cars have a built-in valve called a thermostat whose function is to regulate the flow of water or coolant to the radiator. This means that the thermostat closes the passage and does not allow these liquids to flow into the engine until they have reached the ideal temperature specified by the manufacturer.

Being a fundamental element to control the maintenance of the engine, the thermostat acquires a special relevance in the car. So how do you know if your car thermostat is working? Here we explain everything you need to know to know the status of your car’s thermostat, as well as the reasons behind its failures and the possible solutions to fix them.

Analyze the cooling flow

There are several ways to find out if your car’s thermostat is working properly. One of them is by monitoring the coolant circulating through the engine. Here, we recommend that you follow the following steps to do it safely:

  1. Uncover the radiator(a small box located in the front axle) after opening the hood of the car. Turn the screwed cap on one of the two sides counterclockwise until it is loose. Don’t do this right after driving – allow a reasonable amount of time for the engine to cool down.
  2. With the car stopped, start the thruster and do not turn it off for the next 20 minutes. In this way, you can graduate and reach the most suitable temperature.
  3. Check that the coolant circulates through the radiator. If so, the valve will have opened properly and therefore the thermostat is working. Otherwise, it means it is locked.
  4. See if the temperature arrow points to the danger zone(in red). If you have that address, the thermostat is causing the failure.

Take the engine temperature

Another way to find out if your car’s thermostat is working properly is by measuring the temperature of your drive. In this case, you will need an infrared thermometer and you will have to follow these indications:

  • Start the engine and leave it parked to allow the coolant to warm up. It is important to do it outdoors so that polluting gases from the car do not accumulate.
  • Use an infrared thermometer to measure the temperature the propellant reaches. Write down the degrees once the gauge stabilizes.
  • You should do the same with the radiator hose: record its temperature and compare it with that of the engine. If it is lower, everything works fine; if it is the same, the thermostat has opened and locked.
  • Allow 15 minutes to elapse and repeat the same procedures with the engine and radiator hose. If the temperature is around 18 degrees, the fault has been corrected. Otherwise the fault persists.

 

Heat water and test the thermostat

The third method that we recommend in this article to find out if your car’s thermostat works is to test it in hot water. To do it safely, follow these steps:

  1. Drains the fluid circulating through the radiator. It is important that the drain plug is screwed in once you are done. Avoid skin contact with the refrigerant because it contains toxic components.
  2. Using a screwdriver, separate the hose from the radiator.
  3. Disconnect the frame from the thrust, grab the thermostat, and remove it. You can use a socket wrench to make the process easier.
  4. Dip the thermostat in water. If you are using a saucepan, avoid touching the base as it can distort the temperature you have taken.
  5. Boil the water so that the thermostat is at the temperature it normally works at inside the engine.
  6. Finally, take the valve out of the water and check if it is open. If it opens, it works properly and if it stays closed, you need to replace it.

 

Thermostat failure – causes

The thermostat is a delicate part in a car engine. Considering the importance of its function, it is necessary to know why it may crash. Some of the causes of thermostat failures are:

  • The engine works at a low temperature and this causes the fluid to accelerate.
  • The heaters do not work and this prevents the heating mode from being activated.
  • There are distortions in the vehicle temperature.
  • There is increased fuel consumption since the engine is running in too cold temperatures.

 

How to repair the thermostat

To fix your car’s thermostat, you just need to perform the following instructions step by step:

  1. Remove the thruster thermostat.
  2. Look at the valve inside. It is made of mercury, so you must handle it with the utmost caution. If you notice a break inside the valve, the thermostat is irreparable and you will have to replace it.
  3. Mix water and vinegar in equal proportions and, with the mixture, clean the thermostat.
  4. Put the valve in a pot of boiling water. If it manages to compress, it will be fixed. If it stays the same, you will need to replace it.
  5. Reinstall the thermostat where it belongs on the engine.

The price of a thermostat for a car is usually around 40 euros, not counting the price of the coolant (about 30 euros) or the labor to change it if you do not do it personally.

How to install a thermostat in my car

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The car’s thermostat has the function of keeping the engine temperature constant. Therefore, it controls the flow of coolant to the radiator in order to maintain a suitable temperature in the engine. Its shape is that of a metal valve that has a spring that opens when heated. Are you planning to change this accessory in your vehicle? Here we give you the answer to the question of how to install a thermostat in my car.

You will need to:

  • Screwdriver, joint sealant,How to install a thermostat in my car 

    , cover gasket, spatula, gloves, airtight bucket, gloves.

Steps to follow:

One.To install the thermostat in your car, the engine has to be cold. You need to empty the radiator, so you have to put the car on a lift. Next, open the cap on the expansion tank and place an airtight bucket under the lower radiator hose to collect the coolant. This is toxic and polluting, so you must be careful not to poison yourself or cause damage to the environment. Wearing gloves is a must.

For the radiator fluid to start coming out, you have to disconnect the lower hose until it is completely empty. Then, completely close the container in which you collected the liquid and set it aside to take it to a waste treatment center.

Two.Now, you have to disassemble the old thermostat, for which you will have to disconnect the hose or hoses and remove the screws from the cover. Once you access the thermostat, take a good look at its position because you will have to place the new one the same. Then remove it just like the gasket.

3.Before installing the new thermostat in your car, use a putty knife to remove any gasket left on the cover. Then put in the new thermostat and the O-ring, if you have one.

4.Next, use a small amount of joint sealant on the thermostat cover, taking care not to cover the holes where the screws will go. Then glue the new gasket to the deck, apply sealant, and snap the deck into place. Don’t forget to replace the bolts, connect the hose (s) and fill the radiator.

 

How to clean a car radiator

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The cleaning of the radiator of the car is something we must do to ensure that, because of the use, will not rust and release excess sedimentation. Its role in the cooling system is vital as it helps keep the engine cool. If we don’t notice problems, cleaning it every two years is enough. Here we explain in detail how to clean your car’s radiator.

You will need to:

  • Water, distilled water, antifreeze, soap, brush, hose, gloves.

Steps to follow:

One.The radiator cleaning operation must be carried out cold, because if the engine is hot, we will surely burn due to the high temperature reached by the water or by the steam itself.

Two.When we are sure that the engine is cold, we open the hood and the engine cover and clean, with a brush and soapy water, the metal radiator grills. There is usually sediment that will come out easily if we help ourselves with the brush.

3.The next step is to drain the radiator. To do this, we will put on some gloves and place the drain pan under the radiator drain valve. Then, we pull the handle and we will see how the cooling liquid falls, which is toxic. When finished, we cover the drain tray and set it aside, although we must keep it under control so that no one is accidentally poisoned.

4.Next, we will have to check that the clamps that hold the radiator hoses are not rusted and that the hoses themselves are not cracked. There are two, one that takes the hot coolant away and one that takes care of flushing the radiator with cold coolant.

5.Now it’s time to rinse the radiator before adding the new coolant. With a hose we introduce water into the radiator until filling it, then we empty it again.

6.Before depositing the new cooling liquid, we must make the mixture in a container. Ideally, it should be made up of half distilled water and the other half antifreeze.

7.Before finishing the cleaning, we must purge the radiator. To do this, we start the engine by leaving the lid open and let it run for about ten minutes. We will thus get the coolant to heat up and the air to escape from the radiator, so that there is more space for cooling.

 

How to change your car’s antifreeze fluid

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Although we all know it as antifreeze, it is necessary to know that the name of this liquid is coolant, since its main function is to cool the engine. Likewise, it also works to prevent this circuit from freezing in extreme temperatures, hence it is known as antifreeze. It is a key element in the engine of our vehicle, so you should know how to change the antifreeze fluid in the car and perform the correct maintenance.

Steps to follow:

One.First of all, it should be noted that there is no exact periodicity to replace the antifreeze fluid in your vehicle, but there is a need to do so, since it loses its properties over time. In this way, the antifreeze is usually changed every 2 years or every 40,000 km, thus guaranteeing its conservation in perfect condition.

Two.Likewise, the type of antifreeze fluid that you must use for proper operation will appear in your vehicle manual. It will also be necessary to take into account the temperature of the region where you live to choose the most suitable antifreeze:

  • 10% antifreeze: effective down to -5ºC.
  • 20% antifreeze: works properly down to -11ºC.
  • 30% antifreeze: for temperatures down to -18ºC.
  • 50% antifreeze: long-lasting antifreeze suitable up to -37ºC.

 

3.The first thing you should do to change the antifreeze in your car is to completely drain the coolant circuit to remove all the old fluid, which will probably have lost its properties. Always with the engine cold, you must open the cooling system -through a screw, tap or whatever mechanism your car uses- and let it drain completely.

4.In the same way, we recommend that you wash it with pressurized water – with a hose for example – to clean the cooling system well, always keeping the drain screw removed so that the water can escape. If you have valves to bleed, you should also use them.

5.Next, close the drain plug or screw and start filling your vehicle’s tank with antifreeze. You will find minimum and maximum marks that will indicate the values ​​between which the antifreeze liquid should be.

 

How to repair car scratches

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An error in the parking maneuver, a small accident or, simply, an anonymous ‘friend’ sometimes leave us a scratch on the car that, thanks to some products on the market, we can fix ourselves. Here we explain how to repair car scratches.

You will need to:

  • Cloth, water, paper, repair paint, polishing paste.

Steps to follow:

One.First of all, we must carefully consult the conditions of our insurance. Comprehensive policies include these types of repairs, so we can save this work.

Two.If not, we prepare for the task. The first thing we have to do is clean the area of ​​the scratch well. A cloth soaked in water will suffice.

3.Next, we will have to set up the paint repairman that we can find in any specialized workshop. Obviously, it must be the same color as our car. We will shake it well so that the paint is in optimal condition before applying it.

4.We unscrew the lid and, on a piece of paper, let the first drop fall. Next, we apply with a firm line on the scratch, trying to keep the applicator in a vertical position, to avoid running out of paint during the application.

5.Now it is time to let the paint rest for 24 hours, if possible in a closed place but with good ventilation.

6.After time, we will have to apply a polishing paste so that the area is ready. To do this, we will use a damp cloth and proceed by making light circles on the scratched surface.

 

How to remove scratches from the car

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Got a scratch on your car? Quiet! Although it is a rather odious situation, especially if you have a new car, there are different tricks that will help you repair this mark on the bodywork and, thus, get your car to look like the first day. Depending on the depth of the mark it will be more or less easy to disguise it but, anyway, nothing is impossible! Before going to the mechanic, try products that you can easily find in specialized stores and, thus, try to see if it is possible to repair it yourself. In this article we are going to tell you how to remove scratches from the car by discovering the three different ways that currently exist.

Steps to follow:

One

Before we can remove scratches from the car, the first thing we have to do is repair the depth of the car because, depending on this, we can do it ourselves or, otherwise, have to go to a mechanic to perform a more intense treatment and professional. The scratches that are made on the clear coat of the vehicle can be solved in a simple way but the others are usually more complicated.

A car has 4 layers:

  • Clear coat
  • Color layer
  • Primer coat
  • Steel layer

Depending on the layer that the scratch has reached, it will be simple, or not, to repair it. For example, marks that may appear from not washing or drying the car well can be easily removed with a good polish; they are considered minor scratches and, at best, reach the clear or colored coat.

But when in the scratch you can see another color or that of the steel, then we find that the damage is much deeper and to treat it you will need to go to a professional or opt for more elaborate measures that will improve the appearance of the vehicle.

Two

One of the easiest ways to remove scratches from the car is by applying a marker or pencil to repair scratches, a product that you can get at mechanics or specialized stores. You should know that this is not a miracle method, that is, the result will always depend on the depth of the injury and will only be effective on the slightest marks.

You should know that there are two types of pencils on the market:

  • Of paint
  • Resin

The former are designed to hide the scratch by painting with the color of the body and, thus, concealing the blow to the maximum; those made of resin are indicated to fill in the mark and, therefore, make it cover and hide better. So, the first thing to do is apply the resin one and, when it dries, the paint one if you want to achieve a perfect result. It is recommended that you leave the car in the sun so that the resin dries as quickly as possible, although you should bear in mind that, normally, it usually takes about 4 hours.

But, before applying it, you should wash the area well to remove any trace of dirt that may be there; Think that if the blow has appeared after having brushed against a wall, car or column, the most normal thing is that particles of that element have remained on the body and, therefore, with a deep cleaning and drying you will be able to see the authentic brand that has stayed in the vehicle.

3

On the other hand, there are also some scratch repair kits that are usually sold by the same vehicle manufacturers or workshops. These kits are usually made up of:

  • An applicator brush
  • Paint the color of your car
  • Lacquer

When the scratch is a little more serious and deep, it will need a more intense type of repair and, therefore, nothing better than these kits that can achieve a more professional result and that you can easily do at home.

The first thing you have to do is clean the body well to remove any particles that may have been impregnated; then we will have to surround the scratch of the car with adhesive tape on the sides to protect the other areas that are not damaged. Once we have it, we will give it a coat of paint with the brush and, when it dries, we will spray the lacquer that will fix it.

For a much more detailed result, we recommend that, when everything is dry, wipe the area with a microfiber cloth to get the scratch removed from the car easily and quickly.

4

But if the make of the car is deeper , then we will need to subject the body to a much more elaborate polishing process and that, we recommend that it be carried out by a professional so that the result is much better. Anyway, if you consider yourself a “handyman” person and have tools at home, you can try doing it yourself by following the steps that we will give you below.

The first thing to do is wash and dry the bodywork to reduce the presence of dirt that may have remained on the car. Once clean, we will have to sand the area gently and, always, we will do it in the same direction of the scratch, otherwise we could create new marks.

Now we are going to pass microfiber cloths over the area to polish the scratch well and be able to repair it in depth. Now you will have to apply the compound for electric polishers, that is, an abrasive that corrodes the paint to soften it and make it perfect to put, later, the wax. Once ready, turn the polisher on to the lowest level and move it around the area for a few seconds making sure, at all times, that you are not penetrating the puncture layer.

Depending on the scratch, you can spend several minutes polishing the body well. When you’re done, wash the area again and, when it dries, you should apply the wax to seal the paint and, after 4 hours, apply the paint and then the lacquer for a splendid result.